P.I.: Markus Gangl, Asaf Levanon (University of Haifa)
R.A.: Jan Brülle
Funding: German-Israeli Foundation for Research and Development
Duration: 4/2014-3/2016

The project aims for a comparative empirical analysis of the structure and trends in working poverty in Israel and Germany. Both countries have seen rising incidence rates of working poverty over the past two decades, yet there is a remarkable lack of consensus on the underlying causes in the social science literature so far. Against that background, the project draws on harmonized data from nationally representative household surveys in the two countries, notably the Israeli Social Survey, the Israeli Income Survey and the German Socio-Economic Panel, to systematically and simultaneously examine the role of household and work force demographics, the exposure of structural labor market locations defined by occupation, industry and type of contract, and work commitment, work histories and work values. The project employs a standard relative income poverty framework and suitable regression modeling and decomposition techniques for categorical dependent variables in its statistical analysis.