Dr. Clemens Büttner

Dr  clemens b%c3%bcttner

Student consultation Bachelor program

Office: Juridicum, Room 809a
Phone: +49(0)69/798-28796
Email: c.buettner(at)em.uni-frankfurt.de
Consultation hours: Wednesday 10:00 to 12:00 and by appointment


Photo: © 2018 Association for Asian Studies



Key research areas

  • Modernization efforts and concepts from the late Qing to present times (military professionalization, Confucian religiosity, bureaucratization)
  • Chinese nationalism
  • Relationship between power and ideology
  • Change of value concepts since the 19th century

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Curriculum Vitae

2000-2008
Study of Sinology, Newer and Newest History, and Political Science at Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg

2002-2003
Study of Chinese language at Fudan University Shanghai (GAES scholarship)

2006
Study of Chinese language at Beijing Language and Culture University (HSK scholarship)

2008
Magister Artium degree at Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg

SoSe 2008
Librarian at chair for Sinology at Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg

Since WiSe 2008/09
Research fellow and lecturer (post-doc since Sep. 2015) at Faculty 09: Linguistics, Cultural and Civilisation Studies – Chinese Studies, Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany

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Publications, lectures and events

Master and PhD theses

  • Magister Artium (M.A.): Chen Huanzhangs Entwurf eines staatsreligiösen Konfuzianismus [Chen Huanzhang’s Draft of a Confucian State Religion], Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, 2007.
  • PhD thesis: Chinese Military Professionalization and the Rise of Warlordism, 1895-1915 (English manuscript), Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, 2015.

Publications

  • “Vorwort [Preface],” with Michael Lackner. In Zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Selbstbehauptung. Ostasiatische Diskurse des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts [Between self-determination and self-assertion: East Asian discourses in the 20th and 21st centuries], edited by Michael Lackner, 8-15. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2008.
  • Translation of Pál Nyíri: “Chinesen im Ausland” [The Chinese overseas]. In: Länderbericht China [Country Report China] (= Schriftenreihe Band 631), edited by Doris Fischer and Michael Lackner, 379-401. Bonn: Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung, 2007 (3rd and revised edition).
  • Translation of Jin Yan 金燕: “Tradition als Konzept bei der Schaffung der Ideale des ‘Jungen China’ [‘Shaonian Zhongguo’ lixiang goujian zhong de chuantongguan 少年中國”理想構建中的傳統觀; Tradition as a concept in creating the ideals of ‘Young China’].” In Zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Selbstbehauptung. Ostasiatische Diskurse des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts [Between self-determination and self-assertion: East Asian discourses in the 20th and 21st centuries], edited by Michael Lackner, 210-221. Baden- Baden: Nomos, 2008.
  • Translation of Zhang Qing 章清: “Zwei Formulierungsweisen für einen Befund: Hu Shi über die chinesische Kultur [Hu Shi dui Zhongguo wenhua de zhenduan: liang zhong butong de yanshuo fangshi 胡適對中國文化的診斷:兩種不同的言 說方式; Two wordings for one finding: Hu Shi on Chinese culture].” In Zwischen Selbstbestimmung und Selbstbehauptung. Ostasiatische Diskurse des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts [Between self-determination and self-assertion: East Asian discourses in the 20th and 21st centuries], edited by Michael Lackner, 290-310. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2008.
  • Translation of Liang Mingxiong 梁明雄: “Jiang Weishui und Taiwans Bewegung für Neue Kultur [Jiang Weishui yu Taiwan Xin Wenhua Yundong 蔣渭水與台灣 新文化運動; Jiang Weishui and Taiwan’s New Culture Movement].” In Taiwans unvergänglicher Antikolonialismus: Jiang Weishui und der Widerstand gegen die japanische Kolonialherrschaft: Mit einer Übersetzung von Schriften Jiang Weishuis aus dem Chinesischen und Japanischen [Taiwan’s everlasting anti- colonialism: Jiang Weishui and the resistance against Japanese colonial rule: with a translation of Chinese and Japanese writings of Jiang Weishui], edited by Thomas Fröhlich and Yishan Liu, 131-172. Bielefeld: Transcript, 2011.
  • “Der Versuch einer Reintegration des Konfuzianismus in den Staat: die religiöse Begründung der chinesischen Staatlichkeit [An attempt at reintegrating Confucianism into the state: a religious explanation of Chinese statehood].” In Religionen und gesellschaftlicher Wandel in China [Religions and social change in China] (= Frankfurt East Asian Studies Series; 2), edited by Iwo Amelung and Thomas Schreijäck, 60-89. München: Iudicium, 2012.
  • Review of China’s civil war: a social history, 1945-1949 by Diana Lary (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015), in Asian Studies Review 40,4 (2016): 636-637.
  • Review of Confucianism as Religion: Controversies and Consequences by Yong Chen (Leiden: Brill, 2013), in Philosophy East and West 67,2 (April 2017): 569-571.
  • Review of The Cultural Revolution at the Margins: Chinese Socialism in Crisis by Yiching Wu (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014) in Journal of Contemporary Asia 47,2 (2017): 322-324.
  • "Chinese Dreams of National Strength and Global Belonging: 'Iron and Blood' and the Forces of Evolution, 1895-1918." In Colonialism, China and the Chinese: Amidst Empires, edited by Matthew P. Fitzpatrick and Peter Monteath, 15-31. London & New York: Routledge, 2019.
  • "The Boundaries of the Chinese Nation: Racism and Militarism in the 1911 Revolution." In Revisiting the "Sick Man of East Asia:" Discourses of Weakness in late 19th and early 20th Century China, edited by Iwo Amelung and Sebastian Riebold. Frankfurt & New York: Campus, 2019 (forthcoming).
  • Review of Yuan Shikai: A Reappraisal, von Patrick Fuliang Shan (Vancouver und Toronto: University of British Columbia Press, 2018), in Twentieth-Century China (forthcoming).

Conference presentations

  • “Konfuzianismus vs. Konstitutionalismus? Der Versuch der Etablierung einer konfuzianischen Staatsreligion in der frühen chinesischen Republik” [Confucianism vs. constitutionalism? Attempts at establishing a Confucian state religion in the early Chinese Republic]. Forschungszentrum für historische Geistewissenschaften, Kolloquium “Junge Forschung,” Goethe-University Frankfurt, January 2011.
  • “Saviours of the Republic – but why? On the Motivation of Leading Officers of the National Protection Movement (Huguo Yundong).” Young Scholar’s Forum “Sinology and China Studies – Perspectives and Contributions of Young Scholars from China and Germany,” October 2012.
  • “Turning civilians into soldiers: Militarism and the nation-state in early 20th century China.” International Conference: Discourses of Weakness in late 19th and early 20th Century China (Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany), December 4-5, 2015.
  • “The power of professionalization: Praise and criticism of the professional soldier in early 20th century China.” Chinese Military History Society – 2016 Conference: Loyalty and Betrayal in Chinese Military History (Ottawa, Kanada); April 14, 2016 (sponsored by GAES).
  • “Imperial expectations of strong nation-statehood: China’s military modernization strategy in the early 20th century.” Symposium: Nation/Boundaries/Place (University of Oslo), June 2-3, 2016.
  • “Soliciting Subordination from the Soldier: Military Legislation in Early Republican China.” 21st biennial conference of the European Association for Chinese Studies (St. Petersburg, Russia); August 23-28, 2016.
  • “Die militärische Nutzung ziviler Ressourcen in Kriegszeiten: Chinesische Requisitions- und Wehrdienstgesetzgebung in den 1930er Jahren [Military utilization of civilian resources in wartime: Chinese requisition and military service legislation in the 1930s].” XVIIth  annual conference of the German Association of Chinese Studies (DVCS: Deutsche Vereinigung für Chinastudien) (Frankfurt am Main, Germany); November 12-13, 2016.
  • “Bureaucratic idealism and wartime realities in Nationalist China: Military service, military requisitions, and general mobilization during the Second Sino-Japanese War.” Chinese Military History Society – 2017 Conference: Chinese Military History in Global Contex (Jacksonville, FL, USA); March 30, 2016 (sponsored by Vereinigung von Freunden und Förderern der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main e.V.).
  • Commentator in the panel “Home Fronts at War.” Society for Military History - 84th Annual Meeting: Global War: Historical Perspectives (Jacksonville, FL, USA); March 30-April 2, 2017.
  • Review of The Body and Military Masculinity in Late Qing and Early Republican China: The Art of Governing Soldiers, by Nicolas Schillinger (Lanham et al.: Lexington Books, 2016), in Journal of Chinese Military History 8, 1 (2019): 110-113 (invited book review).
  • "Chinese Dreams of National Strength and Global Belonging, 1895-1918: The Allures of the German-Japanese Developmental Model and Social Darwinist Historiography." Amidst Empires: Colonialism, China and the Chinese, 1839-1997, Flinders University, Adelaide (Australia), 29-30 January 2018 (supported by IZO).
  • "Professionalizing the Military – Undermining the State: Chinese Military Modernization and the Origins of Warlordism, 1895-1915." ANU China Seminar Series, Australian National University, Canberra, 1 February 2018 (supported by DAAD).
  • Panel organizer: "A Military Republic: The Militarization of China’s State-Building, Nation-Building, and Modernization Efforts, 1912-49." Association for Asian Studies (AAS) 2018 Annual Conference, Washington, D.C. (USA), 22-25 March 2018.
  • "Defending the Nation, Dismantling the State: The National Protection War (1915-16) and the Unintentional Demise of the Chinese Republic." Association for Asian Studies (AAS) 2018 Annual Conference, Washington, D.C. (USA), 22-25 March 2018.
  • "Reconciling National and Territorial Desires in China: The Borders of the Qing Empire, the Decline of Ethnic and the Rise of Militaristic Nationalism in the 1911 Revolution." Chinese Military History Society (CMHS) 2018 Conference: War, Peace, and the Chinese Landscape, Louisville, KY (USA), 5 April 2018.
  • "Secularized Religion vs. Sacralized State in Early Republican China: Modernity, Legitimacy, and the Debate on a Confucian State Religion, 1912-17." Confronting Predicament: The Mentality and Patterns of Behavior of Chinese Intellectuals in the Second Millennium, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 25-26 May 2018 (supported by IZO).
  • Panel Organizer, with Oleg Benesch: “Militarism and Nationalist Thinking in Republican China.” 22nd Biennial Conference of the European Association for Chinese Studies, Glasgow (UK), 29 August-1 September 2018.
  • “Reimagining the Chinese Nation: Militarism and the People, 1902-1912.” 22nd Biennial Conference of the European Association for Chinese Studies, Glasgow (UK), 29 August-1 September 2018.
  • Panel Organizer: "Bridging the 1949 Divide: The CCP Takeover and Continuities of the Chinese Nation-State-Building Project." Association for Asian Studies (AAS) 2019 Annual Conference, Denver, CO (USA), 21-24 March 2019.
  • "Militaristic Nationalism and the Chinese State Before and After the 1949 Regime Change." Association for Asian Studies (AAS) 2019 Annual Conference, Denver, CO (USA), 21-24 March 2019 (supported by DAAD).
  • "The Teacher’s Need for Affirmation: Western Praise and the Japanese Emphasis on Spiritual Matters in the Early Chinese Military Periodical Press." Chinese Military History Society (CMHS) 2019 Conference: War, Peace, and the Chinese Landscape, Columbus, OH (USA), 9 May 2019.
  • "'The Whole People in Arms': Communist State- and Nation-building During the Great Leap Forward Campaign." Eurasian Parliamentary Practices and Political Mythologies: Imperial Legacies, Diversities, and Representations in the 20th and 21st Century. Heidelberg, 17-18 June 2019.

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Courses taught

  • Historisch-gesellschaftliche Entwicklungsverläufe im vormodernen China [Historical and social developments in premodern China] (WiSe 2008/09)
  • Staat und Gesellschaft des modernen Chinas [State and Society in modern China] (WiSe 2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11)
  • Kultur, Bildung und Medien des modernen Chinas [Culture, Education, and Media in modern China] (SoSe 2009, 2010)
  • Chinesische Fachsprache und chinesisch-deutsche Fachtextübersetzung [Chinese academic language and translation of Chinese academic texts into German] (WiSe 2010/11)
  • Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten in der Sinologie [Methods of scientific and academic work in Sinology] (SoSe 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019)
  • Krieg und Krisen als Modernisierungsschübe? [Wars and crises as modernizing impetuses?] (WiSe 2011/12, 2012/13)
  • Weltordnung und -deutung im vormodernen China [World order and world construction in premodern China] (WiSe 2011/12)
  • Revolutionär und restaurativ? Nationalismus in der chinesischen Republikzeit (1912-1949) [Revolutionary and restorative? Nationalism in the Chinese Republican Era (1912-1949)] (SoSe 2012)
  • Lektüre/Übersetzung chinesischer wissenschaftlicher Texte [Reading and translating Chinese scientific texts] (WiSe 2012/13, 2013/14)
  • Militarisierte Politik und politisiertes Militär: Die politische Rolle der Armee im China des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts [Militarized politics and a politicized military: The political role of the armed forces in early 20th century China] (WiSe 2013/14, 2014/15)
  • Lektüreübung zu Institutioneller Wandel, Transformation und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in China [Reading course institutional change, transformation and economic development in China] (WiSe 2014/15)
  • Ideologie und Macht: Wirtschaftspolitik in der Volksrepublik China [Ideology and Power: Economic policy in the People’s Republic of China] (WiSe 2015/16)
  • Lektüreübung zu “Media in China in the early 21st century” [Reading course Media in China in the early 21st century] (WiSe 2015/16)
  • Legitimation und Partizipation: Das “Volk,” die “Massen” und politischer Herrschaft im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert [Legitimation and participation: The “people,” the “masses,” and political rule in the 20th and 21st century] (WiSe 2016/17)
  • Lektüreübung zu Legitimation und Partizipation: Das “Volk,” die “Massen” und politischer Herrschaft im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert [Reading course for Legitimation and participation: The “people,” the “masses,” and political rule in the 20th and 21st century] (WiSe 2016/17)
  • Kooperation und Konflikt: Außen- und innenpolitische Wechselwirkungen im China des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts [Cooperation and Conflict: Interdependencies between Chinese foreign and domestic policies in the 20th and 21st century] (WiSe 2017/18)
  • Lektüreübung zu Kooperation und Konflikt: Außen- und innenpolitische Wechselwirkungen im China des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts [Reading course for "Cooperation and Conflict: Interdependencies between Chinese foreign and domestic policies in the 20th and 21st century"] (WiSe 2017/18)
  • Rechtsstaatlichkeit vs. Einparteienherrschaft in der Volksrepublik China [Rule of law vs. One-Party rule in the People's Republic of China] (WiSe 2018/19)
  • Lektüreübung zu Rechtsstaatlichkeit vs. Einparteienherrschaft in der Volksrepublik China [Reading course for "Rule of law vs. One-Party rule in the People's Republic of China"] (WiSe 2018/19)

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Professional memberships

  • Association for Asian Studies (AAS)
  • European Association for Chinese Studies (EACS)
  • Chinese Military History Society (CMHS)
  • Society for the Study of Chinese Religions (SSCR)

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