Types of Degree
The objective of the Bachelor’s Study Programme in Biological Sciences is to impart its graduates with the specialised basic knowledge as well as the required key qualifications and to thus put them in a position to master problem-oriented behaviour. The Study Programme is a professional qualification and enables our graduates to either enter directly into a professional career or also to begin a subsequent master’s or a later doctoral degree programme in the biological sciences or in related disciplines.
Professional Fields and Scopes of Activities
In the last several decades, biology has made a comprehensive transformation from a descriptive to a functional and molecular science. This has had a decisive effect on the future professional fields of biologists. Specialised knowledge and as much experience as possible in the application of special working methods and process technology are always advantageous when applying for a job. The following information applies to graduates with a bachelor’s degree, although a degree in a consecutive biological science master’s study programme is advantageous depending on the professional field. Despite the large number of applicants and the intense competition, the professional perspectives at biomedical facilities and large research institutions are good. However, in industry they greatly depend on the graduate's specialisation. The career opportunities in the administrative area are currently stagnating and are limited to the reoccupation of positions which have become vacant in nearly all areas.
The following professional fields are open to graduates on completion of their degree programme:
- University and non-university research facilities (e.g. Max Planck Institutes, institutes and facilities of the Fraunhofer Society, large research facilities, federal facilities with research orientation as well as research facilities of the Leibniz Society)
- Medical facilities
- Freelance or self-employed biologists, e.g.:
- In environmental protection or environmental consulting
- In nature and landscape planning (mapping, expert opinions, ecological auditing)
- In scientific jouranlism
- In publishing
- In analytics (environmental analytics)
- In contract research and testing institutes (e.g. plant/crop protection, chemical testing).
The largest fraction of the employment opportunities for biologists is in private companies (50 to 70%), particularly in the chemical-pharmaceutical industry, a third are in the university area, and the rest is distributed among the various government agencies and environmental offices. The areas of responsibility are, for example, for biologists working in medicine primarily work in planning and implementing research projects and the establishment or further development of new diagnostic methods. A PhD is generally advantageous in industry and the economy, especially in the field of research. It is an absolute prerequisite for a university career. Generally, first-semester students are advised to follow respective current development tendencies in the professional environment and to complete their degree programme quickly. They should already have discovered their individual inclinations and use them as a guide for their professional specialisation.